Biographical notes


President of the Republic (2007 – 2012)

Prime Minister, Minister of Defence (2006-2007)

Senior Minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation 2002-2006)

Cabinet Member, United Nations Transition Administration for East Timor – UNTAET (2000-2002)

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Information, in the first Govt proclaimed in December 1975 following Timor-Leste’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence, and Representative, Spokesperson, for the Resistance (1975-1999).



Doctorate candidate, International Relations, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal (2007 – )

Diploma, Executive Program, Leaders in Development, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard  University (1998)

Senior Associate Member, International Relations, St. Antony’s  College, University of Oxford (1987)

Masters of Arts in Peace Studies, Antioch University, Ohio, USA (1984)

Advanced Diploma, Public Relations, Centro Internacional de Marketing (1970-1974).

Attended and completed courses in Public International Law, The Hague Academy of International Law, International Human Rights Law, The International Institute of Human Rights, Strasbourg (1983).

Doctor Honoris Causa from Universities in Australia, Japan, Korea, Thailand, The Philipinnes, Brazil, Portugal, USA.



Besides native Tetum and Portuguese, fluent in English, French and Spanish.


Major awards

Order of Timor-Leste (2012)

Order of Dom Boaventura (2006)

Nobel Peace Prize (1996)

Orders from Portugal, Brazil, Cuba, Cape Verde

Numerous other international awards


Books and other writings

FUNU: The Unfinished Saga of East Timor, Red Sea Press, Trenton, NJ, USA, 1987;

Timor-Leste: Amanha em Dili, Dom Quixote, Lisbon, 1994;

The Lost World of Timor-Leste, Ministry Education, UNICEF, Dili, Timor-Leste (2010), A children’s story book written with Patricia Vickers-Rich, and illustration by Peter Trusler (300,000 copies so far in 16 languages);

Written extensively on international affairs for the International Herald Tribune, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Huffington Post, The Daily Beast/Newsweek, Chicago Tribune, LA Times and others.